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I. Adolescent problem gambling: Developing a gambling expectancy instrument

Meredith A. M. Gillespie, Jeffrey Derevensky, Rina Gupta

Abstract


Positive and negative outcome expectancies have been found to play a significant role in adolescents' decisions to engage in drug and alcohol use. In light of the parallel risk and protective factors among high-risk behaviors, youth gambling outcome expectancies were explored through the development of the 23-item Gambling Expectancy Questionnaire (GEQ) using a sample of 1,013 students aged 12 to 18. The resulting GEQ consists of three positive expectancy scales (enjoyment/arousal, self-enhancement, money) and two negative expectancy scales (overinvolvement, emotional impact). The potential utility of this scale is discussed.


Keywords


youth gambling; outcome expectancy; perceived benefits and risks

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4309/jgi.2007.19.3

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