Gender differences in psychiatric comorbidity and treatment-seeking among gamblers in treatment


  • James R. Westphal Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, U.S.A. E-mail: <italic><email xlink:href=""></email></italic>
  • Lera Joyce Johnson Department of Psychology, Virginia State University, Petersburg, Virginia, U.S.A.



comorbidity, alcohol, gamblers, gender, treatment, career length, depression


Objectives: To assess the effects of gender on comorbid problems and treatment-seeking among gamblers in treatment and the effects of comorbid problems on participants' gambling

Method: Participants completed a survey on comorbid problems and the effects of comorbid problems on their gambling

Sample: Seventy-eight adults (40 males, 38 females) enrolled in state-supported outpatient programs or Gamblers Anonymous

Results: The majority of participants (53%) had multiple comorbid problems and 38.5% said they had a comorbid problem related to their gambling. Eleven different types of comorbid problems were reported. Females had significantly more comorbid problems than males; females reported problem drinking and both genders reported that depression increased the severity of their gambling problems.

Conclusion: Patterns of comorbid problems and treatment-seeking are consistent with well-known gender differences in health behaviors. Clinicians involved in gambling treatment may wish to assess for depressive syndromes and problem drinking and investigate their interaction with their patient's gambling.






Original Article