Effects of Gambling on the Welfare of Nigerian Youths: A Case Study of Lagos State
Keywords:gambling, Baba Ijebu, Naira Bet, sources of financing, probit model
With the increasing rate of youth unemployment in the country, Nigeria’s youths have invested their time, money, and intrinsic efforts in several gambling avenues, such as Baba Ijebu, Naira Bet, Western Lotto Bet, and others. These commitments provide them with financial resources to meet daily expenses, augment low incomes arising from unemployment, and help mitigate the rising crime rate that results from the high unemployment rate. The overall unemployment rate for the population is 70%, and youth unemployment accounts for about 58%. This study examined the participation of youths in gambling in Lagos State and the effects of youth gambling on household welfare and spending. A two-stage survey design was used: a qualitative component comprising targeted focus group discussions and probit modelling to estimate the importance of the identified challenges. The results showed that Nigeria’s unemployed youths have an intense interest in gambling to sustain their income sources and to meet their daily spending needs. These activities have reduced crime rates orchestrated by youths, with rising displacement effects on household welfare and spending. Gambling thus has adverse effects on youth welfare. The authors recommend that the Lagos State Government embark on formalizing all gambling activities to protect gambling youths, as well as on strengthening tax revenue collection through the introduction of a “win tax.”
Le Nigéria connaît un taux croissant de chômage chez les jeunes, et les jeunes Nigérians investissent leur temps et leur argent et consacrent d’intenses efforts dans plusieurs domaines de jeu tels que le Baba Ijebu, le Naira Bet, le Westen Lotto Bet, etc. pour tenter de couvrir leurs dépenses quotidiennes. Cela contribue à réduire le taux de criminalité qui aurait été important en raison du taux élevé de chômage qui est de 70 % pour l’ensemble de la population, et d’environ 58 % chez les jeunes. Compte tenu de ce taux élevé chez les jeunes dans le pays, l’étude a permis d’examiner le niveau de participation des jeunes aux jeux dans l’État de Lagos. On a en outre examiné les effets du jeu des jeunes sur le bien-être et les dépenses des ménages. Les méthodes utilisées dans l’étude incluent : un plan de sondage en deux étapes, une composante qualitative qui comprend les discussions de groupe ciblées et la modélisation probit pour estimer l’importance des défis recensés. L’étude révèle que les jeunes chômeurs nigérians ont tout intérêt à jouer pour préserver leur source de revenus et couvrir leurs dépenses quotidiennes. Ces activités ont contribué à réduire le taux de criminalité observé chez les jeunes, mais on a constaté des effets de déplacement croissants sur le bien-être et les dépenses des ménages. On conclut que le jeu a des effets néfastes sur le bien-être des jeunes et on recommande donc au gouvernement de l’État de Lagos d’encadrer de manière formelle toutes les activités de jeu afin de protéger les jeunes joueurs et de renforcer le recouvrement de recettes fiscales grâce à la mise en place d’un « impôt par gagnant ».
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