Le bingo électronique apporte-t-il des changements dans les comportements de jeu des adeptes du bingo? / Is Electronic Bingo Changing the Gambling Behaviour of Bingo Players?
Keywords:Bingo, jeu compulsif, électronique, comportements/Bingo, problem gambling, electronic, behaviors
La Société des établissements de jeu du Québec, filiale de Loto-Québec, a implanté, à titre pilote, le bingo électronique (appelé Bingo +) en octobre 2018. Il s’agit d’une version du bingo traditionnel qui se joue sur une tablette électronique. Les écrits scientifiques soulèvent l’importance de s’intéresser aux nouvelles offres de jeu, en particulier à leurs effets possibles sur les comportements de jeu. Le Bingo + présente des caractéristiques structurelles – dont l’automatisation – reconnues comme pouvant augmenter les habitudes de jeu. La présente étude vérifie l’évolution des comportements et habitudes de jeu des joueurs de bingo à la suite de l’implantation du Bingo +, sur les plans de la dépense en argent, du temps de jeu, des limites de jeu fixées par les joueurs, de la consommation d’alcool et du jeu d’argent pathologique. Les participants, répartis en joueurs de Bingo + (n = 87) et de bingo traditionnel (n = 207), ont été interrogés par des entrevues téléphoniques semi-structurées aux mesures préimplantation et postimplantation après neuf mois. Les résultats ont indiqué que les habitudes de jeu des participants qui utilisaient la tablette électronique changeaient peu, alors que celles des participants au bingo traditionnel tendaient à se réduire. La discussion porte sur l’impact d’une nouvelle modalité de jeu en salle de bingo sur les comportements de jeu des joueurs, en considérant l’ambiance de jeu et l’adaptation face au produit innové. Nous formulons en conclusion des recommandations visant une meilleure compréhension de l’expérience face à un jeu automatisé.
The Société des établissements de jeu du Québec, a subsidiary of Loto-Québec, implemented electronic bingo (called Bingo +) on a pilot basis in October 2018. It is a version of traditional bingo that is played on an electronic tablet. The literature raises the importance of taking an interest in new gaming offers, among others, for the effects on gambling behavior. Bingo + has structural characteristics that have been identified as being able to increase gambling habits, including automation. This study verifies the evolution of the behavior and playing habits of bingo players, following the implementation of Bingo +, in terms of money spent, playing time, limits set by the players, alcohol consumption and pathological gambling. The participants, divided into Bingo + (n = 87) and traditional bingo (n = 207) players, were interviewed by semi-structured telephone interviews in pre-implantation and postimplantation of nine months. The results indicate that the playing habits of participants who use the electronic tablet change little, while those of traditional bingo participants tend to reduce. The discussion focuses on the impact of a new modality of play in bingo halls on players’ playing behaviors considering the playing atmosphere and the adaptation to the innovated product. Recommendations for a better understanding of the experience with an automated game close the article.
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