Journal of Gambling Issues <p>The Journal of Gambling Issues (<em>JGI</em>) is the world's first and longest-running online, academic journal dedicated to understanding problem gambling. Due to the increasing convergence of gambling and gaming, <strong>the <em>JGI</em> expanded its scope in 2020 to include problem video gaming and technology use</strong>. </p><p><em>JGI</em> is an open-access, indexed journal with a double blind peer review process that provides a scientific forum for developments in gambling-related research, policy issues, and treatments. <em>JGI</em> is now part of the <em>Web of Science: Emerging Sources Citation Index.</em> We are also indexed in<em> Scopus, Crossref, Elselvier Series, Ebsco, Scimago and PsycInfo, </em>among others.<em> </em></p><p><strong>Publishing Schedule and Fees:</strong> Issues are published triannually, although manuscripts are made publicly available as soon as they have been accepted/typeset on the <em>JGI Online First</em> platform. <em>JGI</em> does not charge any review or publication fees and is fully open access.</p><p>The<em> JGI</em> is published by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health and funded by Ontario’s Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. </p><p><strong>French Language Announcement: </strong>As of June 1, 2021 the JGI will no longer be accepting French language submissions.</p><p><strong>Journal ISSN (electronic): </strong>1910-7595</p> The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health en-US Journal of Gambling Issues 19107595 <p><strong>Journal Contributors Agreement</strong></p><p> This work is licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a>.</p><p>The parties intending to be legally bound (the principal author [Author] and the Journal of Gambling Issues [Publisher]), agree as follows:</p><p>1. The Author grants exclusively to the Publisher all world-wide rights in this Contribution; including the full copyright therein, the right to publish it as part of the JGI in all forms, languages and media now or hereafter known or developed and including, but not limited to, the right to license subsidiary rights such as granting rights to reprint in anthologies issued by other publishers or to photocopy for classroom use.</p><p>2. The Author guarantees that he or she is the sole owner of the Contribution and has full authority to make this agreement; and that the Contribution does not contain any copyright; does not violate any other property rights; does not contain any scandalous, libelous or unlawful matter; does not make any improper invasion of the privacy of another person; and has not been published before, and is not now being considered for publication elsewhere.</p><p>If the Contribution has been published previously, the Author guarantees that permission has been obtained, and any fee required has been paid, for publication in the JGI and shall submit proof of such permission and any required credit line to the Publisher with the signed agreement. The Author agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the Publisher against any claim or proceeding undertaken on any of the aforementioned grounds.</p><p>3. The Author shall allow the Editor of the JGI and the Publisher to make the Contribution conform to the style of presentation, spelling, capitalization, punctuation and usage followed by the JGI. The Author agrees to review and correct the copyedited manuscript and proofs and to return them to the editor by the date set by the Editor. If the Editor has not received them by that time, the Author agrees that production of the JGI in which the Contribution is to be included may proceed without waiting for the Author's approval of the manuscript or the proofs.</p><p>4. If the Author wishes to publish this Contribution elsewhere, the Publisher shall grant to the Author, for no fee, a nonexclusive License to republish the Contribution in the same form in any language in a book or other media written or edited by the Author after the issue of the JGI containing the Contribution has been published, subject only to the conditions that a credit line, to be supplied by the Publisher, will be printed in the Author's book: to indicate the first publication of the Contribution in the JGI. The Author shall inform the Publisher 30 days before the Contribution is released in any other form.</p><p>5. This agreement shall be construed and interpreted through the laws of the province of Ontario, Canada. This agreement shall be binding upon and operate to the benefit of the parties thereto, their heirs, successors, assigns, and personal representatives. Where the Contribution is the product of more than one person, all of the obligations of the Author hereby created shall be deemed to be the joint and several obligations of all such persons as testified by their signatures.</p><p>6. The Author shall receive no payment from the Publisher for use of the Contribution.</p><p>7. The Author agrees to reference this article using its full and accurate name: Journal of Gambling Issues.</p><p> </p> The Ordering of Gambling Severity and Harm Scales: A Cautionary Tale <p>Question-order effects are known to occur in surveys, particularly those that measure subjective experiences. The presence of context effects will impact the comparability of results if questions have not been presented in a consistent manner. In this study, we examined the influence of question order on how people responded to two gambling scales in the Australian Capital Territory Gambling Prevalence Survey: The Problem Gambling Severity Index and the Short Gambling Harm Screen. The application of these scales in gambling surveys is continuing to grow, the results being compared across time and between jurisdictions, countries, and populations. Here we outline a survey experiment that randomized the question ordering of these two scales. The results show that question-order effects are present for these scales, demonstrating that results from them may not be comparable across jurisdictions if the scales have not been presented consistently across surveys. These findings highlight the importance of testing for the presence of question-order effects, particularly for those scales that measure subjective experiences, and correcting for such effects where they exist by randomizing scale order.</p> Kate Sollis Patrick Leslie Nicholas Biddle Marisa Paterson Copyright (c) 2021 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 48 Drivers of Recreational Online Gambling Intentions: A UTAUT 2 Perspective, Enhancements, Results, and Implications <p>Recreational gambling has become an accepted pursuit, and the advent of the<br>Internet has rendered online gambling ubiquitous. However, the resultant rapid<br>growth in online recreational gambling is not matched by an understanding of<br>the drivers of customers’ intentions to gamble online. While this is potentially a<br>fascinating aspect of consumer behavior, marketing scholars have shied away from<br>giving online gambling much attention. This research seeks a better understanding of<br>the drivers of recreational online gambling intentions among customers by applying<br>the latest version of the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Technology—UTAUT 2,<br>to customers in an online gambling context. It also proposes additional hypotheses<br>that account for the role of anticipated enjoyment and perceived fairness. Data are<br>collected from 593 casino customers of an online gambling firm and analyzed using<br>PLS-SEM via Smart PLS. Results show that perceived fairness and anticipated<br>enjoyment are significant drivers of online gambling intention, with perceived<br>fairness being fully mediated by effort expectancy, anticipated enjoyment, and social<br>influence. Shorn of drivers and moderators that are not significant, an online<br>gambling intention model is proposed. Theoretical and managerial implications are<br>discussed, limitations are noted, and areas for further research are suggested.</p> Jirka Konietzny Albert Caruana Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-02 2021-08-02 48 An Exploratory Study in Gambling Recovery Communities: A Comparison Between ‘‘Pure’’ and Substance-Abusing Gamblers <p>Most of the available literature has shown that gambling disorder (GD) is often<br />associated with several psychiatric conditions. Comorbidities with mood disorders, impulsiveness, personality traits, and impairments in cognitive function have also been frequently investigated. However, it is currently uncommon to study this disorder in individuals without comorbid substance abuse; therefore, the primary aim of our study was to compare the psychological profile of individuals with GD with and without substance use disorder. A total of 60 participants (100% male), including 20 individuals with GD, 20 substance-dependent gamblers (SDGs), and 20 healthy controls (HCs), were assessed with several clinical measures to investigate impulsivity, hostility, mood, and personality traits, as well as with cognitive tasks (i.e., decision-making tasks). Our results showed differences in both experimental groups compared with the HC group in mood disorders, impulsivity, and hostility traits. The ‘‘pure’’ GD group differed from the SDG group only in characteristics related to mood disorders (e.g., State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-Y2, Beck Depression Inventory-II, and assault dimension), whereas greater impairment in decision making processes related to risky choices was shown in the SDG group. This study suggests the importance of studying pure GD to clarify the underlying mechanisms without the neurotoxic effects of the substances. This could provide an important contribution to the treatment and understanding of this complex disorder.</p> Alessandro Quaglieri Emanuela Mari Pierluigi Cordellieri Elena Paoli Francesca Dimarco Mario Postiglione Giampaolo Nicolasi Tania Fontanella Umberto Guidoni Sandro Vedovi Anna Maria Giannini Copyright (c) 2021 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 48 Self-Management Strategies for Problem Gambling in the Context of Poverty and Homelessness <p>Problem gambling and gambling disorder are serious public health issues that disproportionately affect persons experiencing poverty, homelessness, and multimorbidity. Several barriers to service access contribute to low rates of formal treatment-seeking for problem gambling compared with treatments for other addictions. Given these challenges to treatment and care, self-management may be a viable alternative or complement to formal problem gambling interventions. In this study, we described problem gambling self-management strategies among persons experiencing poverty and homelessness. We conducted semi-structured interviews with 19 adults experiencing problem gambling and poverty/homelessness, and employed qualitative content analysis to code and analyze the data thematically. We identified five types of self-management strategies: (1) seeking information on problem gambling, (2) talking about gambling problems, (3) limiting money spent on gambling, (4) avoiding gambling providers, and (5) engaging in alternative activities. Although these strategies are consistent with previous research, the social, financial,housing, and health challenges of persons experiencing poverty and homelessness shaped their self-management experiences and approaches in distinct ways. Approaches to problem gambling treatment should attend to the broader context in which persons experience and attempt to self-manage problem gambling.</p> Flora I Matheson Sarah Hamilton-Wright Arthur McLuhan Jing Shi Jessica L Wiese David T Kryszajtys Nigel E Turner Sara Guilcher Copyright (c) 2021 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 48 Alcohol Misuse in a Treatment-Seeking Sample of Pathological Gamblers <p>We aimed to estimate the prevalence of alcohol misuse and examine its relationship<br>with gambling severity and psychological distress in a UK treatment-seeking sample<br>of pathological gamblers. Approximately one in four patients (27.1%) scored X 8 on<br>the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) screening tool indicating<br>alcohol misuse, and one in four (28.1%) reported abstinence. There was no evidence<br>of an association between alcohol misuse and gambling severity or psychological<br>distress level. Compared to the UK general population a significantly higher<br>proportion demonstrated probable alcohol dependence (1.2% vs. 6.3%, p &lt; 0.001).</p> Emmert Roberts Venetia Leonidaki Zoe Delaney Henrietta Bowden- Jones Copyright (c) 2021 2021-08-02 2021-08-02 48 Corporate Digital Responsibility Challenges for Sports Betting Companies <p>The emergence and continuing development of digital technologies is disrupting and reshaping traditional business practices throughout the service industries, and the gambling industry is no exception. On the one hand, digital technologies have opened the door to a landscape of new sports betting opportunities. On the other, the introduction of digital technologies brings responsibility challenges for sports betting companies. This policy paper outlines the features of corporate digital responsibility, provides some simple illustrations of digital responsibility issues in sports betting, and offers reflections on how these responsibilities are being discharged.</p> Peter Jones Daphne Comfort Copyright (c) 2021 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 48